Organic Farming in India – Concept With Management
Organic Farming Available in India
The organic farming system is not a new concept and has been practised in India since ancient times. The primary objective of organic farming is to help the soil remain in good health through organic waste and organic fertilizers. In addition, the use of organic manure helps in sustainable crop production along with a pollution-free environment. Sometimes it is called ‘green farming’.
According to the agriculture US Department, organic farming is a system that avoids or excludes the use of synthetic inputs such as pesticides, fertilizers, hormones, etc. However, for plant protection and nutrient utilization crops are dependent on technologies such as crop rotation, organic wastes, agricultural manures, rock additives etc.
Thus, in other words, organic farming depends on the natural process of yield gain to maintain healthy soil, eat healthy food, and develop healthy humans. However, there is a difference between organic farming and permaculture. The latter depends on organic farming but also includes organic gardening or a lifestyle in farming.
Organic farming needs several types of equipment, which play a significant role in the processing of agriculture. Tractor, Implements and harvesters are the most prominent in organic farming; therefore, we suggest the Farmtrac 60 Powermaxx, better for enhancing efficiency.
Need for Organic Farming in India
In opposition to the ever-decreasing supply of living resources such as food and water, the growing population has made it necessary to increase agricultural production.
The benefits of the ‘Green Revolution’ credited to Swaminathan have now reached a plateau, and it has become necessary to develop alternative technologies with the best returns. In addition, excessive use of fertilizers and artificial growth regulators has given rise to a problem called ‘pollution’. A natural balance between life and property is the need of the hour for survival. Because fossil fuels are on the way to extinction and are non-renewable, organic, nature-friendly methods of farming and agriculture have gained importance.
Concept of Organic Farming
Organic farming is a fundamental concept for India. It is the basis on the following principles:-
- Soil is a living entity.
- Nature is the best teacher for farming as it does not use any external nutrients or extra water.
- Organic farming is based on understanding the methods of nature. It neither mines the soil of its nutrients nor degrades the soil to meet the needs of the human.
- Farmers nurture and protect the soil. As a result, the natural micro-organisms present in the soil are not harmed in any way.
- In organic farming, farmers mainly focus on soil. Therefore, farmers maintain the soil structure as it is the most important medium in farming.
- Thus, organic farming aims to maintain its good health, keep the soil alive, cultivate the land, and grow crops after that. Moreover, farmers should ecologically maintain a pollution-free environment.
Regulatory Body and Organic Certification
- Since India has traditionally been practising this farming, there is a regulatory body that ensures the quality.
- The National Program for Organic Production (NPOP) is the authority defining the regulatory mechanism. Thus, they have two separate bodies for regulation in domestic and export markets.
- Under the Foreign Trade Development Regulation Act, NPOP looks after the export requirements.
- Under the Agricultural Produce Grading, Marking, and Certification Act, look after the domestic market and imports.
- Agricultural and Processed Food Export Development Authority (APEDA) is a regulatory body of NPOP as per FTDR Act. It is also the Agricultural Marketing Consultant under the Ministry of Agriculture.
Organic Farm Management
Since the whole concept of organic farming revolves around healthy, living soil crop residue management, effective crop rotation, proper cropping pattern etc., should be practised carefully.
Thus, organic farming ensures optimum productivity without any fertility loss. In addition, biological systems also respect the natural ecology of the area, such as the weather, flora and fauna of the place, native animals, etc.
The first step in organic farming is understanding the basic requirements; farmers should then address long-term strategies. Some of the problems facing the country are:-
- Poor soil due to loss of organic matter
- Elevated temperatures
- Water supply low
- Expensive high input as opposed to low return
Rain Water Conservation
Rainwater harvesting is an important step in organic farming because the only sources of irrigation are seasonal rains, local ponds, lakes and wells. Therefore, seepage tanks, farm ponds should be dug up and farming should be practised in dams or contours.
The tractor is a crucial part of organic farming; thus, we suggest the Powertrac Euro 60 tractor is the best in this farming procedure. Moreover, you can use the Powertrac 439 tractor. Along with this, Powertrac 434 plus is also the best tractor.
For more information regarding organic farming, stay tuned with us.