Mango Farming in India – Cultivation Ideal Requirements
Mango Farming in India
Mango cultivation in India is an excellent long term agribusiness. It is always a pleasure to see ripe, yellow, aromatic mangoes heaped in the market amid the sweltering heat. The sweet mangoes down the parched throats feel refreshing and cooling. Mango crop may take 5-8 years to start bearing fruits but would do so for the next few centuries or till the tree is cut- whichever is earlier.
The variety of mango fruit varies in shape, size, sweetness, skin colour, and flesh colour: gold, green or orange, and pale yellow. Mango is a tree native to India. The trees can grow up to 10-40 meters in height, and they grow it from seeds.
Mango trees are evergreen with a rounded canopy. The roots are long, unbranched and measure up to 8 meters in length. The leaves have a set of exciting features to notice. The Colour of young leaves varies between varieties.
They are generally tan-red, yellowish-brown or pink when young. Mangoes undergo a series of various shades as they grow and finally are dark green when mature. The fruits are fibrous, fleshy and have a characteristic ‘beak’ and a small conical projection- a unique feature of mangoes. The prominence of the projection varies between varieties.
Ideal Conditions for Mango Cultivation
Mango is a subtropical fruit and grows at an altitude of 600 meters above sea level. The two factors that play the most important role in mango cultivation are soil and climate. These dominate the quality of mango fruits and the future of the mango farm.
The operation of ideal mango cultivation needs equipment that should be trustworthy for Indian farmers; therefore, we suggest the Swaraj 735 XT, which is the best for Indian farmers and is often used in farming. Along with this, the Kubota b2741 tractor is also the best.
Climate for Mango Cultivation
Mango can grow in various climates; it can grow optimally in tropical and subtropical climatic conditions. Farmers require a good amount of rain during the crop growth period and the flowering period. In other words, it needs the best amount of rainfall from June to October and a dry period from November. Rain, high levels of humidity or frost during the flowering period can hinder flowering.
The season for Mango Tree Plantation
Generally, the timing of sowing mango seeds varies, although it depends on rainfall in that area. First, farmers plant it at the end of the rainy season in places where there is sufficient rainfall. Other than this, plant the mango during February and March in irrigated areas. Lastly, farmers sow the seeds in the period of July-August in rain-fed areas.
Soil for Mango Tree Cultivation
Mangoes grow well in all types of soil. However, farmers need primary soil, which should be well-drained and deep. Red, loamy soils are most prominent for mango cultivation. However, in India, farmers can grow it in alluvial, clay or laterite soils. The soil should have rich organic material and have good water holding capacity. Soils that do not have good drainage facilities are not ideal for mango planting.
Mangoes grow in plains rather than hills. Cultivation in hilly areas can lead to very low yields as the drainage and climatic conditions in hills are not the most suitable for mango cultivation. Soil containing a good amount of iron peroxide and 5-10% lime is ideal for producing good quality mango fruits. The fruits produced in such soil conditions have a bright red colour.
Water for Mango Cultivation
The irrigation requirement of mango plants depends on the climate and soil of the cultivated area. Soils with good water holding capacity require little irrigation, whereas clay soils do not require irrigation. Mango plants require frequent watering until they establish themselves properly. It also helps promote vigorous plant growth.
Once established, after a period of 6 months, farmers irrigate it once every 10-15 days. In the case of soil having good drainage capacity, it should be increased.
Farmers should also irrigate during the cold season to protect the plants from frost. However, they usually stop it 2-3 months before flowering as it may promote vegetative growth during a flowering period which indirectly affects fruit yield.
pH Required for Mango Cultivation
Mangoes can not withstand alkalinity, while farmers can grow them in light acidic soil. Therefore, a pH between 4.5 to 7.0 is preferable for mango farming. The soil is sometimes mulched with peat moss a year before mango plantings to uplift soil acidity.
In the process of farming, we should consider the equipment which is better in farming, so choose such a tractor which is effective in fieldwork; thus you can select the Swaraj 855 tractor as the best tractor this way you can also choose the Mahindra tractor 475.
Learn Tips of Healthy Diet
- Mango Helps in maintaining cholesterol level.
- Mangoes keep the best levels of vitamin C, fibre and pectin, making them impeccable fruit that is supportable in controlling high cholesterol levels.
Helps in regulating diabetes
Eating mango leaves is a very good to control diabetes. Therefore people Who are suffering from diabetes should boil 5 to 6 mango leaves. Then, soak it overnight & drink the filtered decoction in the morning. Also, the glycemic index of mango is low. Therefore, eating mangoes in small amounts will not increase your blood sugar level.
For more information regarding mango cultivation, stay tuned with tractor junction.